Featured Image Source: Everyone Sinks Starco, Under Creative Commons, https://www.flickr.com/photos/thisisinbalitimur/31654626122
The Jakarta Kota railway station is one of the main train stations in Jakarta. The terminal station sits at the heart of the old city. The station’s main entrance leading out to the Jalan Stasium Kota road. The station has 12 tracks that are served by 6 platforms. The station serves both as a hub for the commuter lines of Jakarta and Intercity trains towards other large cities in Indonesia. The station forms an important intermodal hub, connecting trains and busses together.
The main entrance is no longer in use because of the new raid bus transport system so only the 2 side entrances on the north and the south side are in use. The building has a ‘T’ shaped floor plan with a barrel vault roof. The building has two floors which are mainly filled with retail and rail-related office space.
The Jakarta Kota Station was named Batavia Zuid until Indonesia gained independence from the Netherlands in the 20th century. The first station at the site was built in 1887 by the Bataviasche Oosterspoorweg Maatschappij a private railway company operating in Dutch Indonesia. This old station was little more than a corrugated metal-roofed platform with one platform.
In 1898 the rails were nationalised and so was the station. In 1929 the current station building was completed by architect Frans Johan Louwrens Ghijsels. The Dutch architect was part of the AIA firm who worked mostly in Dutch Indonesia.
The current building is a mixture of Art Deco and local architecture styles. The building was originally white but has since been painted in various colour schemes. The building has three large stain glass arched windows above the three main entrances. The glass is brown and white in a grid pattern.
The interior columns are tiled in rough brownish tiles and the various gallery handrails are painted a dark green. The roof of the main hall is pained in creme colours with the vaults being painted in a brighter yellow.
The roof is a semi-circular in shape and has lunettes running between the vaults. In between these lunettes lay ceramic tiles. This forms the main structural elements of the building.
The facade is simple with geometric ornamentation which gives the building its art deco look. Each entrance is denoted with a small columned overhang where people can keep out of the rain before entering the station.
The building forms an important transport hub in the city of Jakarta. It is also is an important architectural and historical landmark for the city. It was named a historical and cultural landmark in 1993.